Monday, May 15, 2017

Wood - Wood Types

Wood - wood types

Working wood can be, as mentioned, an enjoyable and entertaining experience that, however, requires at least a modest understanding of this material, not to make mistakes when you decide to buy a certain amount to build something. The best starting point, as regards the purchase, is to rely on one of the many warehouses and timber supermarkets where there is a wide choice of raw wood is the semi-finished wood. Faced, however, with a range so vast you can become disoriented if you do not already have quite specific ideas about what to buy. 
The varieties of wood are many, from the most to keep (such as balsa wood, which, thanks to its lightness is particularly suitable for modeling because of any blade, even the thinnest manages to cut) to America wood-iron south, so hard as to compete with metals. But between the first and the second, there is a whole wide range that only an expert is able to recognize some characteristics such as grain, the texture, the grain, the weight, and so on. Here you do not want to make a treaty on the wood, but simply suggest the passionate DIY which type to use depending on what you want to build a shelf, a fence, a cabinet, and other such things. And of course, help him recognize the wood according to its characteristics and its exterior appearance. Here are the most commonly used for some carpentry work.
Fir. There are several varieties: white (with reddish veins) very soft and flexible, with several knots. It is used typically for framing. The fire red, light yellow and has straight grain: it is suitable for the construction of rustic furniture and lends itself well to being polished. It also has a special feature: a particular resonance that makes it the most suitable wood for musical instruments. Fir Douglas, reddish in color, with a compact grain and no knots, is very strong and durable; for this reason, it is widely used in the building industry, especially for window frames and external coatings (is ideal, for example, to cover part of the facade of a mountain chalet). However, it is also suitable for decorative accessories.
Maple. It's a pretty hard wood whose color varies from white to pinkish-brown to white-yellow. You can easily work with all tools (even a modest equipment of DIY). It can be sanded and polished, assuming a beautiful silky appearance. It keeps well in dry, while the humidity ruins it. Suitable for furniture and veneers.
Chestnut. It is wooden rather light, not too hard, tough enough and easy to work. It is yellowish-white or brown with darker veins. It easily deteriorates with temperature changes, so it is best to use it for furniture or accessories that are inside the house.
Stone Pine. It is a light wood, reddish tone without veins. It is rather soft, you can work and saw off in all directions. Very suitable for furniture (even rustic type), furnishing accessories (shelves), toys and even as a wall covering.
Beech. It is a reddish yellow wood, with very smooth texture, straight fiber and very small pores. Although it is rather hard and compact, it lends itself to all kinds of processing. There is also a type of beech evaporated (which is obtained by subjecting the timber to a vaporization in special cells) which is even more resistant than normal beech. With this wood you can make furniture of all kinds, flooring, wall cladding.
Ash tree. Another very commonly used wood, ivory-white color with light pearly veins and mirrors. It is hard, compact, durable, very flexible and resilient. It is suitable for furniture, veneers and also for sports (such as skiing).
Larch. Fine wood, yellow-brown color very compact and durable. Especially suitable for exterior cladding (stands up well to water), beams, floors, fences. Typical Tyrolean furnishings are made of larch.
Mansonia. Hardwood, ranging in color from yellowish to blackish brunogrigio, very suitable for making furniture, slots, ports. As with time tends to discolor, it is used with special dyes, dye solutions.
Mahogany. Very precious wood, reddish color that, when exposed to air, it tends to become brown with beautiful reflections. He fine-grained, silky luster; after sanding becomes brilliant. Impregnable by termites. It works very easily and is used for furniture and upholstery.
Wot. He has brown color, more or less intense, with darker colored veins, straight or wavy. It works easily, although it is quite hard. It is particularly resistant and elastic; very suitable for various types of furniture.
Rovere. It is part of the great family of the oaks, it is quite hard and durable, easy to work with. It is light brown in color, with straight and regular fibers, a few nodes. It is very suitable for coatings (for example, walls) and various mobile type.
So far they have listed the wood to be used to build it yourself furniture accessories. Of course there are many others, such as teak , the palissando , the pine , the oak , the ' alder and so on, which was not made mention because it is almost exclusively used timber industry and therefore not suitable for a artisan and domestic production. There are also concerns that in the field of carpentry, are now widely used the plywood panels that are lightweight, resilient and, at the same thickness, even more resistant solid wood. It can be used for coatings (in the thinner type) for furniture (in thickness in most varieties). There are also plated offset , that is veneered with hardwood or sometimes valuable, with the surface already ready to be painted or polished, as if it were solid wood. In these panels, the outer part, ie the one that will remain in view, it is free of defects, while the other may present irregularities. The core plywood veneered is another very strong material, more robust and cheaper than plywood, and resilient. This feature makes it particularly suitable for shelves of tables or shelves for libraries (which must withstand considerable weights) and doors of furniture. As the plywood, even the core plywood is already veneered with precious woods. The use of blockboard core plywood panels, however, requires the finishing of the edges that remain visible, using for example solid wood strips or special veneer strips.

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